Donor sperm is used if the male has no sperm, for instance, because the testes is not producing any sperm. See my section on Male Infertility and Sperm for more information on conditions that can affect sperm production.
Donor sperm may also be used when there has been repeated IVF failure due to poor sperm quality or when there is a risk that the male could pass on a genetic condition.
Donor sperm may also be used by single women and female same-sex couples.
Donor sperm from altruistic donors is available in Queensland. In most cases, donor sperm is obtained either locally from Australian men or imported from the USA.