How is laparoscopy performed?

Laparoscopy is performed using a small telescope (called the laparoscope) connected to a camera, which projects images of the inside of the abdomen on to a television monitor. The telescope is inserted into the tummy through a small cut, 0.5-1 cm in size, often placed in the belly-button. Gas is used to inflate the tummy thereby creating a space in which to operate on the womb, Fallopian tubes, ovaries and pelvic cavity. There are usually 2 or 3 additional cuts in the tummy, each 0.5 cm long, which allow operating instruments to be inserted via “ports”.